Lanka faces unsustainable debt, balance of payment challenges - WB | Page 2 | Sunday Observer

Lanka faces unsustainable debt, balance of payment challenges - WB

17 April, 2022

Sri Lanka’s economic outlook is highly uncertain due to fiscal and external imbalances. Urgent policy measures are needed to address the high levels of debt and debt service, reduce fiscal deficit, restore external stability, and mitigate the adverse impact on the poor and vulnerable, the World Bank (WB) stated in its twice-a-year regional update.

Released recently, the latest South Asia Economic Focus Reshaping Norms: A New Way Forward projects the region to grow by 6.6 percent this year and by 6.3 percent next year. This year’s forecast has been revised downward by 1.0 percentage point compared to the January projection, mostly due to the impact of the war in Ukraine.

Countries in South Asia are already grappling with rising commodity prices, supply bottlenecks, and vulnerabilities in financial sectors. The war in Ukraine will amplify these challenges, further contributing to inflation and deteriorating current account balances.

“The World Bank is deeply concerned about the uncertain economic outlook in Sri Lanka and its impact on people,” said World Bank Country Director for the Maldives, Nepal, and Sri Lanka, Faris Hadad-Zervos.

“We are working on providing emergency support for poor and vulnerable households to help them weather the economic crisis and we remain committed to the wellbeing of the people of Sri Lanka, and to a narrative of sustainable and inclusive growth that will need concerted and collective action.”

Sri Lanka needs to address the structural sources of its vulnerabilities. This would require reducing fiscal deficits especially through strengthening domestic revenue mobilisation. Sri Lanka also needs to find feasible options to restore debt sustainability.

The financial sector needs to be carefully monitored amid high exposure to the public sector and the impact of the recent currency depreciation on banks’ balance sheets. The adjustments may adversely affect growth and impact poverty initially but will correct the significant imbalances, subsequently providing the foundation for strong and sustainable growth and access to international financial markets. Mitigating the impact on the poor and vulnerable would remain critical.

In South Asia, though GDP growth continues to be solid during the recovery, all countries in the region will face challenges ahead. On a positive note, exports of services from the region are on the rise as the pandemic subsides.

The war and its impact on fuel prices can provide the region with the much-needed impetus to reduce reliance on fuel imports and transition to a green, resilient and inclusive growth trajectory. The report recommends that countries steer away from inefficient fuel subsidies that benefit wealthier households and deplete public resources. South Asian countries plan to move towards a greener economy by gradually introducing taxation that puts tariffs on products which cause environmental damage.

Another challenge the region faces is the disproportionate economic impact the pandemic has had on women. The report includes in-depth analysis of gender disparities in the region and their link with deeply rooted social norms, and recommends policies that will support women’s access to economic opportunities, tackle discriminatory norms, and improve gender outcomes for inclusive growth.